Part III of Redefining Atlantis is now back on track and weekly posts are scheduled. During this time there may be changes to certain areas of the chronology hypothesised here. At the end of this section there will be what I believe is the most accurate Timeline for events in the Eastern Mediterranean. It was ready to publish until new information came to light.
The task was quite daunting when the number of anomalies were taken into consideration. The chief problem was two-fold. First was the volatility of the region. There is so much evidence of historic geological disturbance and conflicting information with dating, the lines blur very quickly. I had to consider all the possibilities and rely heavily on information I feel had been misconstrued.
Taking Aegea's southern capital, Atlantis, as a prime example. There are still some who doubt but Santorini (Thera) IS the site of the lost city. When I first researched this some 30-odd years ago, the information at the time stated quite categorically the Santorini eruption was dated to 1450BC. Immediately I picked up on this date as it coincided with Biblical events in Egypt. You see my initial research wasn't about Atlantis, it was to try and make sense of ancient scriptures..... it was actually to discover the origins of human existence.
Geology was as much a part of my research as archaeology, history, scripture, myth and legend. Again the research from years ago threw up a few more dates of previous eruptions. Among these were 1850BC and 2500BC. Over the years 'experts' have since revised their timeline for the Santorini eruption(s) and this threw me somewhat. The most commonly given date now is 1650BC. What happened to 1450BC? Everything that had fit like a glove was suddenly askew.
In 1450BC either through the process of time or perhaps triggered by an earthquake, the cone collapsed and formed the islands as we see them today. This is a pretty common phenomena with cones collapsing on volcanoes and it would explain why the eruption was dated to 200 years earlier. Evidence from Crete shows tsunami damage in 1450BC which would indicate a preceding earthquake, or perhaps the collapse itself triggered the tsunami.
This is just one problem faced when trying to accurately document the order of events. The second major hurdle are the people themselves. The proclivity to name sons after grandfathers causes much confusion. If that wasn't enough, the change of names, or use of nicknames further exacerbates the situation. Heracles for instance, I believe there were at least three, was originally named Alcides. Priam was Podarces and I contend that Ganymede was Erichthonius (the Third). Even 'Plato' was a nickname.
Minos was another major headache. The son of Europa, Minos, was taken in by Asterion the king of Crete. The Minotaur - son of Minos - was also named Asterion. Minos actually means 'king' and there were a lot more than one. The problem I had here was assuming the Minos of Europa was the progenitor of the Minoans and the same one famously associated with the Minotaur. After much thought I realised I was paying too much attention to flawed observations of old historians.
A line through Theseus indicates the king Minos is dated to the mid 13th century BC but the first 'Minos' was some 200 years earlier. Minoan itself is a misnomer. The people were Hellenes, or more specifically Dorians.
The next post 'Minoans v. Mycenaeans' deals with this distinction. Over the course of the next week or two, some dates already given in earlier posts may be revised. As stated, a full timeline will be provided and the end of this third section.